Guide to postoperative pain management for clinical pharmacists Issued by: Guangdong pharmaceutical society
Guide name: Guide to postoperative pain management for clinical pharmacists Issued by: Guangdong pharmaceutical society
Issued by: Guangdong pharmaceutical society
Post date: January 31, 2019
Pain is the unpleasant feeling and emotional experience caused by tissue damage or potential tissue damage, or painful experience with sensory, emotional, cognitive and social dimensions. According to the healing time of tissue injury and the duration of pain, pain can be divided into acute pain and chronic pain. Postoperative pain is an acute pain that occurs immediately after surgery, including physical pain and visceral pain. It usually lasts no more than three to seven days. If the postoperative pain is not fully controlled, it will bring a series of adverse effects on the body, such as: increased oxygen consumption, affecting the ischemia organs; Trigger harmful spinal cord reflex arc, reduce lung function; Reduce gastrointestinal peristalsis and delay gastrointestinal function recovery. Acute pain not only increases the patient’s pain and complications, it can even develop into chronic pain and reduce the patient’s quality of life. Perioperative acute pain is still a problem and challenge that both doctors and patients must face. Taking effective analgesic measures to alleviate the pain is the key to accelerate the recovery, improve the comfort and quality of life of patients, and improve the satisfaction of patients.
Classification: postoperative pain management